Like most people, many financial and legal professionals are rarely more than arm’s length from their cell phone. Taking a call on the go, pecking out a quick email or sending a text are the lifeblood of modern business communications. Yet email and text communications with clients may pose a substantial exposure. These tips for texting and emailing clients can help you manage your risk.

Tips for Texting Clients

Texting offers an immediacy not possible with other means of communication. According to studies, 95% of texts are read within 3 minutes, with responses often sent within 90 seconds. Clients are like all texters in that they often come to expect a quick reply. But there are other factors to consider to reduce your risk of exposure.

1. Avoid Incomplete Answers Via Text

It’s best to avoid quick but incomplete answers to client questions that you may second-guess later. Sometimes research is needed, or a compound question may be impossible to address succinctly. In these cases, opt for a general reply, such as “This is a complex issue. After I review, I’ll call you to discuss.” or, “Received. I will call you to discuss.”

2. Preserve a Record of Text Messages

Keep a record of text message communications to produce if a client requests a copy of their file or a malpractice claim if made. Messages may be lost by relying on devices and phone companies, so consider using an app or tool for preservation.

3. Ensure Security and Confidentiality of Texts

Duty to confidentiality extends to text messaging technologies. Turn on data encryption features, hide phone notifications on lock screens, set a device password and make efforts to ensure the communications won’t be exposed to an unauthorized third party.

4. Maintain Professionalism While Texting Clients

While using an informal technology like text messaging, it’s important to continue to maintain professionalism. Abbreviations, emoticons, jokes, slang, sarcasm and profanity could be deemed unprofessional and may lead to questions of competency. Minimize risk by stipulating guidelines for texting at the inception of each client engagement.

Tips for Emailing Clients

Email has become a primary means of communications for many financial and legal businesses. Emails can be sent and read from anywhere on the go and it’s a technology open to everyone. However, like texting, email presents substantial risk that must be addressed with the proper precautions.

1. Keep Email Messages Professional

Avoid misunderstandings by drafting your emails in a professional manner. Attempts at humor, all-caps writing, exclamation points, abbreviations and emoticons may lead to confusion and misinterpretation for clients, particularly in the context of a serious legal of financial matter, so it’s best to avoid them.

2. Double-Check the Message Recipients

Sending a client email with confidential information to the wrong recipient could have disastrous consequences. Create a system to minimize the chance of it happening. Finalize the message first before filling in the recipient fields. Choose and then double-check the recipients for each message before clicking send.

3. Safeguard the Information in Attachments

Attachments are likely to contain sensitive information, so it is equally important to ensure the right attachment is sent to the right recipients. In one notable incident in 2009, a U.S. attorney sent the wrong attachment with a media briefing revealing the identity of 24 confidential sources. Instead, carefully name and sort computer files and double-check before hitting “Send.”

4. Consider Reply-All, Forwarded and Blind-Copied Messages

Reply-all, forwarded and Bcc’d messages present another risk. Reply all could lead to a disclosure of confidential information. Confidentiality could be jeopardized if a client forwards one of your emails.

Texting and emailing clients can help facilitate scheduling, offer reminders and make for quick communications. Financial and legal professionals also want to instill confidence in clients that they are friendly, accessible and committed to a strong partnership. But new technologies are not without risks. Ensure your text and email communications are clear, professional, secure and managed in such a way that the risk of exposure of sensitive information in minimized. With these guidelines in mind, you can help minimize your chance of a malpractice claim.